In a computer system with a single processor and a single core that lacks support for parallel execution, running a multi-threaded program would not yield any performance improvement. This limitation arises because the processor can only execute one instruction at a time, and it must context switch between threads to provide the illusion of concurrent execution.
When a multi-threaded program is run on such a system, the processor will allocate time slices to each thread in a round-robin fashion. It rapidly switches between threads, executing a small portion of each thread’s code before moving on to the next thread. Since only one thread can be executed simultaneously, the threads contend for the limited processor time.
As a result, the overall execution time of a multi-threaded program on a single-core system may even be longer than that of a single-threaded program performing the same tasks. The overhead incurred from context switching and thread synchronization can outweigh any potential benefits gained from parallelism.
In this context, inter-process communication (IPC) is relevant and can still facilitate communication and data exchange between different processes. IPC mechanisms like pipes, sockets, or message queues can enable communication and coordination between different parts of the program or different processes running concurrently. However, it’s important to note that the communication overhead and context switching associated with inter-process communication may further impact the program’s overall performance.
Therefore, while inter-process communication can be relevant in such a context for facilitating communication between different processes, it won’t provide the performance benefits associated with parallel execution on multiple cores or processors. Optimizing the algorithm, reducing unnecessary synchronization, or considering alternative approaches that exploit available parallelism, such as utilizing asynchronous I/O, may be more effective in achieving performance improvements on a single-core system.