Ethics Essay Writing

Ethical Considerations and Research

Ethical Considerations and Research

Ethical Considerations and Research Questions


Research Question

            A research question refers to the elementary core of any research study, project, or literature review based on a given field of focus. The research question is the point of navigation that most researchers use to determine their main focus in the study as well as the methodology to be deployed in the process. It guides all inquiry, reporting, and analysis stages which are used by researchers in formulating a hypothesis. Research questions vary depending on their purpose in the study. For instance, it can be observational-relational, descriptive, and casual concerning the focus of the study. However, an investigation may have several points of focus, though a research question is determined by the central discussion which is involved in the entire study. 

At the outset of the research undertaking, research question introduces readers to the importance of the topic of study a well as the issues of concern that needs to be addressed. It forms an explicit groundwork in which the entire research project will be based without meandering on other aspects which might make the study passive. A good research question at the outset of the study enables researchers and readers to gain insight of particular contexts and parameters which need to be investigated in comparison to the past studies.

Importance of Ethical Considerations in Public and Nonprofit Administration Research

Public and nonprofit administration program provides career specialization and professional orientation as well as liberal and sound art foundation. The program equips students with the necessary skills and knowledge which are necessary for the maximization of the organizational output. Similarly, the program enables students to participate in learning services and internship courses for an active interaction within their various communities in a professional manner. Researching the program requires proper ethical consideration to ensure that all the intended implications are addressed and inclusively addressed. However, ethical concerns such as informed consent, anonymity, confidentiality, IRB, and privacy serve as the central focus of study.

Ethical behavior is crucial in every research which is based on informed consent. It allows both the respondent and the researcher to exploit the voluntary agreement in the research process without interfering with socio-cultural concerns of the target group. In public and nonprofit administration research, ethical consideration is essential because it promotes the objectives of the study, such as avoidance of error, knowledge, and truth. Tikly & Bond (2018), ethics also governs the moral conducts which are to be used while addressing a specific group of people within the target group (Tikly & Bond, 2018). Confidentiality is also served as the epitome of ethical consideration as both the researcher and the respondent is assured the security of the collected information. 

Additionally, ethics enables researchers to be held accountable to observe the privacy of the target group based on the information they have gathered as well as their credibility. In public and nonprofit administration, research issues such as federal policies are always central in determining the entire research outlook. Roberts (2015), consideration of ethical concerns maximizes the protection which the researcher may need while carrying out the research process (Roberts, 2015). For instance, it maximizes accountability between the administration and the public, thus enables the public to receive all the requirements for regular administrative operations.

Moreover, ethical consideration helps in maintaining Institutional Review Board (IRB) for professional modification standards that researchers have to observe in the public and nonprofit administration without jeopardizing their sense of availability and useful (Townsend & Wallace, 2016). IRB protects the rights and welfare of the outlined research topics.  A researcher is also bestowed with specific collaborative techniques which are essential in explaining significant concerns in the research question. Ethics also helps in building integrity and quality study. It builds trust, mutual respect, accountability, and fairness on the research question, primarily if the focus is based on essential characteristics for quality research outcome. The nature of the data collected in a research study or project depends on the extent to which its ethical concerns are observed by both the researcher and the respondent. 

Overview of the Public Administration and Social Service Professions

Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences is located in Albany and has a population of 886 undergraduate students who come different walks of the world. The estimated salary after attending the institution is approximately $125000, although it varies depending on the overall result. The graduation rate and average annual cost is seventy-four percent and $30000 respectively. The socio-economic diversity of the institution is approximately 25% of the student who majorly receives federal Pell grant, which is an income-based provision for students from low-income backgrounds. 

Research Questions

  1. What are models of entry-level for undergraduate studies being used in Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences in health disciplines such as Speech and Language Therapy, Physiotherapy, Podiatry, and Occupational Therapy, among others?  

The question at aims at addressing earning that students are expected to have after school, the student’s body and cost. 

  1. What is the impact of the perspective Stakeholders, the merits and demerits as well as recommendations which are essential for successful implementation of undergraduate models and entries in clinical education and cost per session?





Roberts, L. D., (2015). Ethical issues in conducting qualitative research in online communities. Qualitative Research in Psychology12(3), 314-325.

Tikly, L., & Bond, T. (2018). Towards a postcolonial research ethics in comparative and international education. In Researching Ethically Across Cultures (pp. 18-38). Routledge.

Townsend, L., & Wallace, C. (2016). Social media research: A guide to ethics. Aberdeen: University of Aberdeen.

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