Writing a Thesis Statement

For freshers, the term ‘thesis” can trigger a strong sense of anxiety and potentially fear because it has been associated with complex papers designed for masters and doctoral degrees. However, limiting thesis to advanced research is misleading because it also stands for academic papers’ general claims. Specifically, a thesis statement denotes your primary argument, viewpoint, idea, or insight. In many cases, the instructions will require you to crystallize this claim into a single or two sentences. Still, longer papers replace thesis statements with purpose statements, primarily to allow you to list the main contents.

A thesis statement enables your potential readers to understand what you will be proving throughout the paper. According to Harvard Writing Center, students should recognize the significance of keeping their theses prominent in a paper’s introduction. In essence, the end of your first introductory paragraph is the most appropriate place to write a clear and concise thesis statement. 

Apart from your paper’s general claim or idea, a thesis is a document you write and submit primarily to support your candidature for a specific academic degree. Besides a degree, you may be required to work on a dissertation or thesis to fulfill other professional qualifications. It would help if you understood critical research methodologies because reliable primary and secondary data must support your findings and conclusions here. Despite these requirements, your thesis’s quality, quantity, and complexity vary significantly by the study period, country, program, and institution.

Your thesis has several subsections like a research paper, a title page, including the author’s credentials and related items, an abstract, and the various chapters: introduction, problem statement, literature review, methods, findings or results, discussion, and conclusions.

Thesis writing enables you to conduct an extended and meticulous analysis of an issue or topic. Therefore, it presents students to showcase their independent research skills.

Thesis Statement Sample Paper

Seceding of the US 1860s

The 1960s are some of the most remarkable periods in the history of the United States, and the United States underwent major changes that would change its political landscape up to date. Secession refers to the beginning of the American Civil war as counties that supported abolition separated from those struggling to stop it. The series of events that led to the outbreak of the American civil war began on December 20th 1860. They continued until Next year’s June as the Union and the Lowe and Upper States ties deteriorated. The term secession was first used during the 1770s when South Carolina threatened to separate itself from other states after the Continental Congress introduced a law that stated that colonies would get taxed based on their population. South Carolina’s leaders felt that the law was harsh on their States since it included one of the highest slave populations in the United States. The 1860s represent the breakout of the American war, the series of events that followed and the division between Americans at the end of the war.

In 1861, the tensions between the North and the South finally erupted and led to the American Civil War. The two sides had battled each other on various political stances, including slavery which led to the cessation of 11 States from the Union side and their formation of the Confederate States of America. The election of President Abraham Lincoln as the first president of the Republican party was a major issue in the secession periods of the 1860s (Hall et al., 2019). Although leaders from the Republican and Democratic parties knew that he had laid out numerous plans to abolish slavery, slavery was not the main issue that led to the split between the Union and the Confederate states.

Economic control and the impact of slavery on different States was the main reason behind the civil war. The Confederate States believed that they had the right to continue using enslaved people for business and that the president’s introduction of the antislavery laws would affect their livelihoods. In the summer of 1862, President Lincoln decided to face the issue of slavery once and for all since most had been avoiding it, and political pressure was almost causing division within the Republican party (Bonner et al., 2020). After Union’s victory at Antietam in September, Abraham Lincoln issued a controversial proclamation that stated that enslaved people in the rebelling states would be freed but refused to proclaim the same law on the border states loyal to the Union. He continued to justify his decision by claiming that it was a war measure meant to reduce rebellion and make it difficult for enslaved people to be used as soldiers by the Confederate states.

Although the Union emerged victors in the American Civil War, they were awaited during the country’s reconstruction period. The suffering of more than 4 million enslaved people who attained their freedom was far from ending. In 1865, Congress abolished slavery through the 13th amendment. However, the Confederate states bypassed the abolition of slavery by enacting various laws that limited the freedom of the formerly enslaved people and ensured that they were still available to be used as free labor on the farms. After the assassination of Lincoln in 1865, Republicans passed the Reconstruction act and, after that, the 14th amendment that changed the meaning of citizenship and equal protection for all Americans.


Bonner, R. E., Clark, C., Dinwoodie, J., Hahn, S., Hall, R., Johnson, B., … & Slap, A. L. (2020). Remaking North American Sovereignty: State Transformation in the 1860s. Fordham University Press.

Hall, A. B., Huff, C., & Kuriwaki, S. (2019). Wealth, slave ownership, and fighting for the confederacy: An empirical study of the American civil war. American Political Science Review113(3), 658-673.